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Show full transcript for Cold-Related Emergencies video

Cold related emergencies include frostbite and hypothermia. Frostbite is where body tissue has actually frozen. A life threatening cold related emergency is hypothermia. This not only happen outdoors, but inside as well. Hypothermia is defined as the core body temperature dropping below 95 degrees Fahrenheit (35 degrees Celsius). In the early stage of hypothermia, the body normally gives warning signs like dizziness, fatigue, slight confusion and shivering. As hypothermia becomes severe, shivering stops and symptoms worsen. When signs of severe hypothermia exist, it is vital to 911 or your local emergency medical services number and move the person to a warmer place. Handle the person gently and re-warm slowly. Rough handling or rapid re-warming can cause cardiac arrest.

A first Aid foil type blanket is a great multi-purpose piece of equipment that works very well to keep a person warm in a hypothermia emergency. This type of emergency blanket also provides a great waterproof barrier. This is especially helpful if a person is on the cold wet ground and you are not able to move the person to a dry, warm area.